• Liquids to replace lost fluids and maintain fluid balance,


  • Foods high in oxalates (citrus fruits, berries rhubarb, lefy green vegetables, beets, peppers, and chocolate), to prevent kidney stones.
  • Salt to reduce fluid retention and prevent high blood pressure.


  • Over-the-conter painkillers, vitamin pills, and calcium supplements, which have side effects and interactions that cause kidney damage.


Approximately 1 in 10 North Americans receives treatment for kidney stones each year; en outnumber women about three to one. Some people suffer their first attact after taking up  a steady exercis program, such as jogging, and failing to drink enough fluids to replace the amount lost in sweat. At least half of those who suffer one attack will have a recurrence.

   Kidney stones form when crystalline minerals--normally flu8shed away in the urine--stick together to form clumps, ranging in size from a grain of sand to coarse gravel. The cause may be gout or another metabolic problem, or it may be a structural of metabolic abnormality within the kidney, When kidney stones block any part of the urinary system, especially the ureters or bladder, they cause intense pain, Stones may pass through the system; others must be removed surgically or by sound-wave treatment (lithotripsy)

FLUIDS FOR HEALTHY KIDNEYS ., Liquids are extremely important when it comes to the proper functioning of the kidneys, Water, lemonade, and juices all help to prevent the formation of stones. Fluids, and more fluids,. Regardless of the type of stone, it's  essential to drink enough liquids to maintain fluid balance and flush away the minerals that accumulate to form stones, Most people with stones could reduce the risk of recurrence by increaseing their fluid intake (plain water is best) so that they excrete about 2 qt (2 liters) of urine a day.


Although an idividual who has received a kidney transplant must follow dietary guidelines, the diet is usually less restrictive than the one followed during dialysis treatment. Because the diet is affected by medications taken to prevent rejection of the new kidney, however, the doctor and dietitian will continually make adjustments s recovery progresses.

In the weeks immediately following a transplant , most people are advised to eat more protein, such as egggs, low-fat meat, fish, poultry, skim milk, and low-fat cheese, Carbohydrates are generally limited to prevent interactions with the high doses of steroids that must be taken to prevent rejection, Complex carbohydrates from starchy foods are allowed , but simple sugars should be avoided, Salty foods and most processed foods should be eliminatd, and no salt should be added. The doctor will provide guidelines regarding  potassium-rich foods, Supplements may be prescribed.

A moderate weigght gain after receiving a kidney transplant is not unusual; however, if weigght does become a problem, high-fat foods should be avoided, Between-meal snackscan include raw vegetables nd fruits, and nonfat yogurt.